The needs of a small dog are no different from those of a large breed. There are some differences in the amount of exercise allowed during training and exercise and during winter walks. This will be discussed below. I don’t want to go into the genetics and history of small breeds.
The only thing we can say here is that all these breeds are the human desire to have a mini dog. As a result, many breeds were sick.
For example, most small breeds have problems with the respiratory system (see brachycephalic syndrome), in the race for the minimum size some breeds (Chihuahua, totier, etc.) have problems with the musculoskeletal system – very fragile and brittle bones. We humans are the only ones to blame. But, having physically disfigured them, we often continue to mutilate them mentally by our treatment.
Meals for little dogs
What do you think to feed, for example, a Yorkshire Terrier? The Internet has long thought for you: of course, a special food for yorks, which is best suited to protect his soft wool and soft skin … and went on …
But I saw how a puppy zwergpinchera perfectly coped with a fairly thick turkey neck, and some sneezes love to chew beef ribs with cartilage. So maybe we can offer the yorick, and all the dogs, something from the natural food, and not feed them with the achievements of the chemical industry?
I’m not going to develop the question of the harm and benefits of dry food here, although it’s only logical that a dog, like any other organism, needs normal food, not chemical food. In addition, I would like to focus on the speed of absorption of “drying”.
Dogs sweep away such food in seconds. But the dog must eat for a long time. It should chew, chew, bite off, rip off pieces of food. During long chewing and grinding of food teeth endorphins, hormones causing a sense of euphoria, enter the bloodstream.
Endorphins are the main link in the body’s pain control system and regulator of emotions, the strongest mechanism of stress control. Natural food (meat and bones, shredded fruit vegetables, bran, rice and some cereals) gives pleasure to our pets and soothes them. Don’t worry that your little ones won’t be able to handle, for example, chicken neck or beef cartilage.
Start feeding them these foods from a puppy’s age, and you can hold a piece of meat with your hand for the first time, helping your puppy to chew and tear up the food. That way, you and your puppy can trust each other to make sure you don’t take away his food, but rather help him.
I’ve also discovered chewing toys like the congress. Having put a lot of useful delicacies into the congress (fruits, vegetables, cottage cheese with bran, minced meat…), you give your dog the opportunity to “get” his own food – licking, biting the food out of the cong, the dog calms down.
By the way, congress is a great way to calm your dog down, keep him busy and switch him when he chews on things in the house for some reason. Buy more of these chewing toys for your pet to appreciate.
Of course, we shouldn’t forget that your dog should always have access to fresh water.
Little dog care
Taking care of a small dog is no different from taking care of any other dog. Like all dogs, they need a place where they can rest and relax.
In my opinion, a dog may even have a few of these corners (armchairs, sofas, sunbeds in different rooms). And not, as is customary to think, that a dog should sleep and lie only in its place, and also somewhere in the corridor, near the front door.
As for bathing, grooming and other hygiene procedures, everything here is the same as in most dogs. Please don’t be fanatical! All attention to small dogs is poured out in purchases of numerous bright suits, fantastic hairstyles, dyeing wool, perfumery and even manicure-pedicure with lacquer.
But they are full dogs with completely different physical and psychological needs, not a toy to satisfy our personal whims.
Yes, of course, you need to monitor the length of the claws, in very cold weather and rain to put on a pullover or overalls, trim the hair to avoid tangles and to avoid “curls” in the eyes, to carry out other procedures, but without the glamorous excesses.
Your pet won’t appreciate it anyway! Believe, for example, a yorick or a jarhead to roll in a dead pigeon or sharpen decomposing remains of a street “delicious” is much more interesting and pleasant than to be perfumed and combed, as Merlin Monroe at John F. Kennedy’s birthday party. Let’s respect the privacy of our pets and listen to their natural needs!
Walking with little breed dogs
The size or seemingly scary look of the oncoming dog doesn’t mean that he’s just eager to tear your dog apart. When the other dog approaches, the owner can understand the intentions of the other dog again by observing his body movements and the signals he sends (reconciliation signals), rather than raising his dog in a flash.
Learn to observe the animals, learn their language, they are very communicative and not hostile at all.
From the experience of my own walks, I concluded that it is important to quickly understand the mood and type of the owner of the opposite dog. There are such, to put it mildly, nearby people who in a matter of seconds know how to create a tense situation, pulling their dog by the collar.
Pulling away roughly to the side, which brings all the animals in a frenzied-excited state, because they can not normally say hello and talk. Such people are better to avoid and distract their pets in advance, try to bypass them, but again, do not carry your dog in your arms every time you meet them.
If you see that your dog and his master are walking calmly, without stress, stop, slow down, or try to get close to them on the arc, thus reconciling the counter dog. Do not pull a leash, do not pull a leash, and allow your friend to solve the situation on their own.
It’s a good idea to ask the other person to loosen the leash and give the dogs the freedom to act. If you’ve been doing this since you were a child, your dog will feel safe and secure when you meet another dog.
Of course, there are exceptions. There are dogs that react violently to meetings with their relatives: rushing from the bottom of their minds to meet, and sometimes rush into a fight. For small dogs, even a small push from a large dog can be dangerous, and the more so the bite. So you have to protect your pet by holding it in your arms and turning your back on the approaching dog. But that’s not often the case.